Mental Health Awareness: Teen Substance Use and Mental Health Disorder

May is Mental Health Awareness Month. While mental health issues are important to address year round, highlighting these issues during May provides an opportunity to educate families about psychological disorders, reduce the stigma that surrounds mental illness, and recognize the tens of millions of Americans affected by mental health disorders.

boy holding his head down with hands while 3 hands reach for himMany teens suffer from depression, anxiety, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder or some other mental illness. This puts them more at risk for developing a drug or alcohol problem.

Although not all teens with these disorders will develop a substance abuse problem, the chances are higher when they have difficulty regulating their thoughts and emotions. Therefore, parents with children with psychiatric conditions should be vigilant about the possibility of their teen using drugs or alcohol.

Unfortunately, many teens with a mental health disorder turn to alcohol or other drugs to self-medicate. In fact, the majority of adolescents and young adults battling substance abuse and dependence may have an undiagnosed, untreated mental illness.

When a child gets diagnosed with a mental health disorder, in addition to alcohol or drug abuse and dependence, he/she has “co-occurring disorders,” also known as a “dual diagnosis” or “co-morbidity.” When a child has co-occurring disorders, treatment should be involved for each of the diagnoses.

Treating alcohol or other drug abuse and dependence/addiction alone does not help underlying mental disorders, and similarly, treating a depressive disorder alone will not treat addiction.

About half of Americans will meet the criteria for a diagnosable mental health disorder sometime in their life, with first onset usually in childhood or adolescence.

If your child has been diagnosed with co-occurring disorders, you should find him a treatment program that specializes in treating dual disorders, can make referrals to services to help treat your child’s mental disorder, while simultaneously getting treatment for alcohol or other drug abuse and dependence. Make sure to ask treatment providers whether their program is equipped to handle this.

If the treatment provider is unable to treat both the substance use disorder and the mental illness simultaneously, the treatment services should be integrated with the substance use disorder treatment provider and the mental illness treatment provider coordinating services and care.

When a child has co-occurring disorders, he/she needs help treating all illnesses.

If you’re looking for a drug and alcohol treatment program for your teen or young adult, be sure to know what to ask. Download Questions to Ask and our Treatment eBook.

6 Parenting Practices

Learn other risk factors for substance abuse and how to reduce the chances your child will develop a drug or alcohol problem.

6 parenting practices

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    Edna

    March 6, 2016 at 9:14 AM

    This is my 16 yr old daughter. I dont even know where to begin. she is the youngest of my four children and after a suicide attempt at 14 was diagnosed as add and depression. two weeks into her first year in high school she came home and said she had had enough of the continued bullying and rejection from the girls she knew from elementary school, and the next day proceeded to jump into the drug world where the kids accepted her. She spiraled out of control very quickly and long story short she is now in her second year to attempt completing grade 9. she is intellectually very smart and if she applied herself totally would be able to ace a scholarship and really make something of her life. But she is totally focused on her social life. she now has a boyfriend who is up on charges for drug trafficking and he is her life pretty much. Anything I say is just an attempt at making her life impossible. She is in and out of the court room on charges as well. It is so hearbreaking. I cannot make her take her medication. she only admits to marijuana use but i know at times she does cocaine. There are so many professional people in her life and yet I cannot get them to see she needs to be in the psychiatric ward we have here for youth, and she needs inhouse drug treatment. she cuts herself and I have taken her to emergency in hope they would place her in the psychiatric ward (the times i took her were when she had a knife and was threatening suicide) yet they send her back home. I am told by the addictions counsellor to back off, she needs to hit rock bottom. That is so insane!!!! I feel she is in danger as her eating habits have been that of an anorexic. she is so skinny and unhealthy looking and cannot force more than 2 mouthfulls of food in her mouth. I have told all my concerns to her psychiatrist but I simply do not get the help for my daughter i know she needs!!!!!!!! My daughter’s father was bipolar and he really struggled hard with it. He lost the battle when he was killed running on the highway here when my daughter was 3.

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