Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant and contains ethyl alcohol or ethanol. Ethanol is the intoxicating ingredient in beer, wine and liquor, and is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches. It is usually a liquid that is drunk, and its color and packaging vary widely, and types include beer, wine and liquor.
A single drink is roughly defined as 12 oz of beer (~5% abv), 5 oz of wine (~12% abv) or 1.5 oz of liquor (~40% abv).
Some slang terms you might hear are booze, brew, juice or sauce. Many traditionally non-alcoholic products, like seltzer or fruit juice, are sold in “spiked” versions and may be referred to by a brand name (White Claw, TRULY).
Any underage drinking is a concern. Keep an eye out for these signs of drinking, and read more on how to effectively address any concerns with your child.