Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant and contains ethyl alcohol or ethanol. Ethanol is the intoxicating ingredient in beer, wine and liquor, and is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches. Alcohol is usually a liquid that is drunk. Its color and packaging vary widely, and types include beer, wine and liquor.
A single drink is roughly defined as 12 oz of beer (~5% alcohol), 5 oz of wine (~12% alcohol) or 1.5 oz of liquor (~40% alcohol).
Some slang terms you might hear for alcohol are booze, brew, juice or sauce. Many products that do not normally contain alcohol, like seltzer or fruit juice, are sold in “spiked” versions and may be referred to by a brand name (White Claw, TRULY).
Keep an eye out for these signs of alcohol use or intoxication:
Read more about what to do if you suspect or confirm that your child is struggling with alcohol use.