Know the facts and connect with support to help you address known or suspected substance use with your child.
Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Crack is a derivative of cocaine.
Also known as blow, coke and snow, among other slang terms, cocaine is distributed illegally in two main forms: cocaine hydrochloride is a white crystalline powder, and “crack” is cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water into a ‘freebase’ cocaine — chips, chunks or rocks.
Cocaine can be snorted, rubbed into the gums or dissolved in water and injected. Crack can be smoked.
Cocaine and crack produce a euphoric ‘rush’ and immediate high upon snorting, injecting or smoking that provides a burst of energy and reduced fatigue.
Signs of use include restlessness, irritability and anxiety, dilated pupils, increased heart rate and blood pressure, insomnia and loss of appetite. If you’re concerned your child may be using cocaine or other substances, the following can help you address their behavior more effectively.
NIDA. “Cocaine.” National Institute on Drug Abuse, 6 May. 2016, https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine. Accessed 26 Oct. 2018.
NIDA. “Commonly Abused Drugs Charts.” National Institute on Drug Abuse, July. 2018, https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonly-abused-drugs-charts#cocaine. Accessed 26 Oct. 2018.