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Know the facts about prescription stimulants and connect with help and support to keep your child safe.
What are stimulants?
Stimulants are a class of drugs that enhance brain activity. Prescription stimulants were used historically to treat asthma, obesity, neurological disorders, and a variety of other ailments, before their potential for abuse and addiction became apparent.1
What are some slang terms for stimulants?
Addy, Bennies, Speed, Uppers
What are some common brand names of prescription stimulant medication?
Adderall, Ritalin, Vyvanse, Concerta, Desoxyn, Didrex, Recede, Dexedrine, ProCentra, Dextrostat, Methylin, Daytrana, Focalin, Suprenza, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Bontril
See table below for a more complete list >>
What do they look like?
Tablets and capsules, often in blister packs or prescription pill bottles.
How are stimulants used?
Medically, they are now prescribed for only a few health conditions, including narcolepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and short-term treatment of obesity.2
What do young people hear about stimulants?
Some students hear that prescription stimulants (those that have not been prescribed to them specifically) can help them focus and perform better academically. They are sometimes dubbed “study drugs.” Many teens and young adults are under the mistaken impression that because prescription stimulants came from a doctor that they’re safe or safer than ‘street drugs.’
What are the risks of stimulant use?
It’s dangerous for anyone to take prescription medication not prescribed to them. Stimulants increase the amount of natural chemical messengers called norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. This in turn increases blood pressure and heart rate, constricts blood vessels, increases blood glucose, and increases breathing — which can cause rapid or irregular heartbeat, delirium, panic, psychosis, paranoia and heart failure. There is also the potential for cardiovascular failure (heart attack) or deadly seizures. Stimulants can be addictive in that individuals begin to use them compulsively.2
|Generic Drug Composition||Brand Name|
|Dextroamphetamine||Dexedrine, ProCentra, Dextrostat|
|Methylphenidate||Concerta, Methylin, Ritalin, Daytrana|