Medical Group Calls Addiction Brain Disorder, Not Behavior Problem

The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), the largest professional society of doctors dedicated to treating and preventing addiction, has released a new definition of addiction, calling it a chronic brain disorder, not just a behavior problem, USA Today reports. The medical group announced the new definition after a four-year process that involved more than 80 experts.

“At its core, addiction isn’t just a social problem or a moral problem or a criminal problem. It’s a brain problem whose behaviors manifest in all these other areas,” Dr. Michael Miller, Past President of ASAM, who oversaw the development of the new definition, said in a news release. “Many behaviors driven by addiction are real problems and sometimes criminal acts. But the disease is about brains, not drugs. It’s about underlying neurology, not outward actions.”

This marks the first time ASAM has taken an official position that addiction is not simply related to substance abuse. The group said outward behaviors of substance abuse are manifestations of underlying disease that involve different parts of the brain. According to the new definition, addiction is a primary disease, not the result of other causes such as psychiatric problems. ASAM notes addiction is chronic and must be managed throughout a person’s lifetime.

Dr. Raju Hajela, Past President of the Canadian Society of Addiction Medicine, who chaired the ASAM committee that came up with the new definition, said addiction is not a choice. “The disease creates distortions in thinking, feelings and perceptions, which drive people to behave in ways that are not understandable to others around them.”

Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), told USA Today the new definition will help her agency convince more primary care doctors to screen patients for signs of addiction. According to NIDA, 23 million Americans need substance abuse treatment, but only two million receive it.

22 Responses

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    Christine

    February 6, 2014 at 8:34 PM

    I think we’re missing a huge point here. Firstly, drug addiction isn’t learned. Secondly, people CHOOSE to do that drug in the first place (excluding those who are on drugs prescribed to them). They are very well aware that the drug is addictive, but they think it will never happen to them. The root of the problem is their poor choice!

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    Ben House

    November 15, 2012 at 7:49 AM

    Dan Amen’s scans show effects of drugs on brains and how when the use is stopped the brain often returns to more normal scans. Other studies show the development of neural pathways and habit and how the brain can be retrained. The brain is indeed involved, but the how is not yet fully understood; clearly not a cause effect thing but a systems thing.
    I hope this “new” ASAM report will not justify simple one solution treatment with new drugs from big pharm.

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