Know the facts about morphine and connect with help and support to keep your child safe.

What is morphine?
Morphine is an opiate, derived from the poppy plant. It is classified as a narcotic and is commonly prescribed to manage pain.1

What are some slang terms for morphine?
Duramorph, M, Miss Emma, Monkey, Roxanol, White Stuff

What does morphine look like?
Morphine is commonly available in the form of a tablet, syrup, injection or as a suppository. Depending on its form, morphine may be injected, swallowed, or even smoked.

How is morphine used?
Morphine is often used before or after surgery to alleviate severe pain. Morphine and other opioids act by attaching to specific proteins called opioid receptors, which are found in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract. When these compounds attach to certain opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, they can effectively change the way a person experiences pain.2

What do young people hear about morphine?
Morphine use produces initial feelings of euphoria.

What are the risks or morphine use?
Morphine can produce drowsiness, can cause constipation, and, depending upon the amount taken, can depress breathing. Taking a large single dose could cause severe respiratory depression, coma or death.
Long-term use of morphine also can lead to physical dependence. This can also include tolerance and addiction. Individuals taking prescribed opioid medications should be given these medications under appropriate medical supervision and should be supervised when discontinuing use to prevent withdrawal symptoms.2

1Drugs of Abuse | A DEA Resource Guide: 2017 Edition. “Morphine.” Drug Enforcement Agency, 2017. Web. Accessed 26 Oct. 2018.
2MedlinePlus. “Morphine.” US National Library of Medicine, 15 March. 2018, Accessed 26 Oct. 2018.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA); Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA); MedlinePlus
Reviewed & Upated: August 16, 2018
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