Know the facts and connect with support to help you address known or suspected substance use with your child.
PMA, or paramethoxyamphetamine, is a synthetic hallucinogen often sold as Ecstasy. It is sold in tablet, capsule and (rarely) powder form. PMA looks similar to Ecstasy and costs about the same.
Those who take PMA often think they are taking Ecstasy, which produces intensely pleasurable effects — including a boost in energy and empathy. People who use Ecstasy say they experience feelings of closeness with others and a desire to touch others.
Doses of less than 50 milligrams (usually one pill) causes symptoms like Ecstasy; increased breathing, body temperature, pulse rate and blood pressure, erratic eye movements, muscle spasms, nausea and heightened visual stimulation. Dosages over 60-80 mg (lower than those used regularly for Ecstasy) are considered potentially lethal. They can cause cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and arrest, breathing problems, pulmonary congestion, kidney failure, hypothermia, vomiting, convulsions, coma and death. The long-term effects of PMA are unknown.
Signs of use include erratic eye movements, muscle spasms, nausea and heightened visual stimulation. If you’re concerned your child may be using PMA or other substances, the following can help you address the behavior more effectively.