Substance use during pregnancy remains a serious problem. This study examined whether Early Start, a coordinated program of prenatal substance abuse screening, treatment, and patient/provider education improved perinatal outcomes.
Brief intervention (BI) can decrease alcohol consumption among some patients with nondependent unhealthy use. But does BI have efficacy for illicit drugs? The World Health Organization published the first randomized trial of drug BI.
The role of individual substances on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression has been a complicated puzzle. This study looks at the impact of crack cocaine use among HIV-positive women in the Women's Interagency Cohort Study between 1996 and 2004, the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Patients in treatment for substance use disorders have a high prevalence of smoking. Treating nicotine dependence in substance abuse treatment (SAT) settings, however, is uncommon. Researchers conducted a randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a smoking cessation intervention in SAT programs.
Studies of persons with hypertension have demonstrated a reduction in blood pressure if heavy alcohol consumption is reduced or eliminated, but few studies have focused on persons who met criteria for alcohol dependence. This large, multi-center study of alcohol dependence treatment analyzed data over a 16-week treatment period.
New York's Medicaid program has long hindered comprehensive treatment for people with co-occurring addiction and mental-health problems, but now the state is training more counselors to provide services to dually diagnosed patients.
Needle-exchange programs have been credited with saving many lives by preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS among injection-drug users, but some counselors at the harm-reduction programs have been fatally tempted by easy availability of heroin.
The state of New Mexico will issue ID cards to medical-marijuana users, allow qualified patients to grow their own marijuana, and permit nonprofit groups to produce and distribute the drug to medical users under final regulations released last week.
In an effort to encourage soldiers to seek addiction treatment, military officials have proposed to eliminate the requirement that commanding officers be notified if a soldier seeks voluntary counseling, USA Today reported Jan. 11. The hope is that dropping the requirement will “reduce the stigma associated with seeking mental-health care and to encourage more soldiers […]
Half of all prison inmates are dependent on drugs — including many incarcerated on non drug-related offenses — but less than 20 percent get the treatment they need, according to a new report from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). “Addiction is a stigmatized disease that the criminal justice system often fails to view […]